Jobs are created as an aftermath of a disaster which is an admission that the existing team failed to execute and they need more support. I don't know if you have watched the famous movie "Aviator", where Di Caprio as Howard Hughes recruits a guy for the complete management of his businesses.
Howard was a magnate who fell in love with airplanes and movie making. He asks the candidate one simple question, "you know what you have to do?". Now that's the question he asks himself, 'cause he created the job description when he decided to recruit. If the candidate has read and understood the details he/she would answer. This can be considered a good feedback question too.
With a good job description, you attract the best minds. You also save a lot of time in your interview and post interviews. When an employee joins an organization he knows nothing except for the people he met in the interview and the lines he read before the interview. Now that's what you want to make as conspicuous and precise as possible.
These are the normal components of the job description:
- Overall position description with general areas of responsibility listed.
- Essential functions of the job described with a couple of examples of each.
- Required knowledge, skills, and abilities,
- Required education and experience,
- A description of the physical demands, and
- A description of the work environment.
Your company and your process may vary, but these components give the employee clear direction.
Now how do you get a perfect mixture of these things. For starters, you get a clear picture from the folks who are already doing the job. Make sure you create a description which elucidates the position and the role of that position inside the company.
The simple equation would be "What you give and what you want".
When you look at job descriptions out there in the market, you can see that there is a lot of copy paste work going on.
If you want to make use of every other company in your field as your reference for a job portfolio, how do you plan to stand out?
However, standing out doesn't really mean you should start looking for ninjas and warriors (may seem really cool outside). You can't be this guy in the photo. He is as good as our imagination gets.
A vital aspect of the job description is to keep it as simple as possible. A bulleted description is easy to read and interpret without much fuss.
An example job description that is misunderstood.
Boss: Junior! why am I interviewing only candidates with hotel management experience from the morning?
Junior: We have asked for people with 2 years of experience in server management- maybe that's why.
Though this is not frequent it is not non-existent either.